The most common nerve compression in the foot is called Morton's neuroma. It is a thickening of the tissue around the nerve in the ball of your foot.
Sharp pain in the ball of the foot may radiate into the toes. Your toes also may feel numb. The pain generally intensifies with activity, tight shoes and high-heeled shoes.
Capsulitis, metatarsalgia, and stress fractures can be confused with neuroma. A thorough exam and sometimes MRI or ultrasound are needed for an accurate diagnosis.
Initial therapies are nonsurgical and relatively simple:
◦ Changes in footwear to alleviate pressure on the nerve.
◦ Customized shoe inserts to reduce pressure on the nerve.
◦ Cortisone injection can reduce the swelling and inflammation around the nerve.
If conservative treatments do not relieve symptoms, surgery may be needed.